Lahore Resolution And Two Nation Theory Pakistan Day Special
The Pakistan Resolution
In the year 1940 Muslim league’s annual session was held at Lahore in Minto Park (Iqbal Park) that was conducted under the chairmanship of Quaid-e-Azam. The Lahore Resolution is also known as Karardad-w-Lahore that was written by Muhammad Zafarullah Khan and others. The resolution was presented by A.K. Fazal ul Huq who was the Prime Minister of Bengal at that time. The session held for three days in Lahore on 22-24 March 1940. On 23rd March 1940, a resolution was passed and was moved by Bengal Chief Minister named Maulvi Faiz Ul Haq and was further seconded by Chaudry Khaliq-uz-Zaman. According to the resolution it stated that:
A.K. Fazal ul Huq
"No Constitution plan would be workable in this country or acceptable to Muslims unless it is designed on the following basic principles ,viz, that geographically contiguous units are democrated into regions which should be so constituted, with such territorial adjustment as may necessary, that the areas in which Muslims are numerically in majority as in the North-Western and Eastern zones of India, should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign...adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards should be specifically provided in the constitution for minorities for the protection of their religion, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights."
The Lahore Resolution was a formal political statement that was adopted by the All-India Muslim League and it stated that:
“The geographically contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be constituted, with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary that the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in a majority as in the North-Western and Eastern Zones of India should be grouped to constitute ‘independent states’ in which the constituent units should be autonomous and sovereign.”
In this resolution, Choudhary Rahmat Ali proposed the name “Pakistan” and it all began to use it wisely.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was there to address the conference of Lahore Resolution as a former proponent of Hindu-Muslim unity and irrevocably transformed himself into the leader who is fighting for an independent state Pakistan.
Why The Lahore Resolution Emerged?
Muslims had a thought to have a separate state as political reform in India by the British would not let them live peacefully and Muslims will become a permanent minority in a democratic system and therefore it would not be possible for them to protect their fundamental rights. Muslims, in order to protect their social, political, and religious rights, demanded a separate estate. However, Muslims realized that even if they get the right of separate electrolyte it would not be enough for them and they eventually went to search for some other long-term solution.
Quaid-e-Azam addressed the session in Minto Park which is near Badshahi Mosque and Lahore Fort that was planned around three in afternoon on March 22. There were about 100, 000 people who attended the public meeting and the session begun with the speech of Nawab of Mamdot followed by the speech of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
In this address, Quaid-e-Azam concluded that:
“Hindus and the Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs and literature. They neither inter-marry nor inter-dine together, and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations that are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their concepts of life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Muslims derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes and different episodes. Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other, and likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built up for the government of such a state.”
In his address, he explained the fact that Hindus and Muslims are two separate distinct nations that could never be merged into a single nation.
What is Two Nation Theory?
The Two Nation Theory is one of the important aspects of Pakistan that paved the way for the creation of Pakistan. According to this theory Hindus and Muslims are two separate nations from every definition and therefore Muslims should have a separate homeland in the Muslim majority areas of India where they can live freely and can spend their life according to the glorious teachings of Islam, cultures, and traditions.
Two Nation Theory At Present:
After the enormous efforts of Quaid-e-Azam and many other people, we as a Muslim got the separate state as Pakistan where we can freely practice our religion. Now at the present level, The Two Nation Theory is even present in the present level and is a reality even today. Sadly still Hindu community of the sub-continent wants Muslims or non-Hindus to change their faith to Hinduism. The Two Nation theory still has a great importance in our lives.
Even after the partition of the Countries we still can say that it is difficult for both the communities to tolerate each other. The Two Nation Theory was presented in the year 1940 and still, the young generation of both the Countries feels the same. Such as the Muslims living in India are facing in certain difficulties in practicing their religion even they discriminate Muslims on the preference of job and education. Also, the BJP government in order to assimilate the Muslim population in India they discriminate Muslim cultures and religion and tend to amend Muslim personal laws.
Our beloved leaders took the great initiative and analyzed the fact that both the communities have separate identities and have distinct traditions, norms, cultures, values, and most importantly religion. Therefore communities such as Muslims and Hindus cannot live together and for this, a resolution was passed on 23rd March 1940 which was indeed a great initiate for Muslims. Because of this resolution, we are free today to live peacefully as Muslims in a separate homeland called Pakistan.