What actually happened on 14th August 1947?
What actually happened on 14th August 1947?
Independence Day observed annually on 14 August, following its first observance on that day in 1947 (the day before the partition of India officially took effect), is a national holiday in Pakistan. It honors the occasion of Pakistan's creation and was declared a self-governing nation following the partition of India on 15 August 1947.
Pakistan came into being as a result of the Pakistan Movement which aimed for the creation of a separate Muslim state by partition of the north-western and north-eastern regions of undivided India. The movement was running by the All-India Muslim League under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. This was facilitated by the British parliament passing the Indian Independence Act 1947, thereby giving recognition to the new Dominion of Pakistan later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan which comprised West Pakistan (present-day Pakistan) and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). In the Islamic calendar, the day of independence coincided with Ramadan 27, the eve of which, being Laylat al-Qadr, is regarded as sacred by Muslims.
History of 14th august 1947
Subcontinent was remained British colony from 1847 to 1947; Muslims was the rulers before the British raj and suffered after the war of 1857 against British, many great leaders such as Sir Syed Ahmad khan and Molana Muhammad Ali Johor work hard for the Muslim’s people political advancement.
In 1885 All India National congress was founded, Major Muslim political leaders, including Muhammad Ali Jinnah, were members of the Indian National Congress and worked towards Hindu-Muslim unity and India’s independence, but soon they realized that the Hindu are never serious with Muslims they never see the improvement of Muslimsancement.
In 1906 All India Muslim league was founded, there were growing demand from an independent state of Muslims in India. In 1930 the great Alama Iqbal give the idea of a separate Muslim state which is geographically consist a Muslim state in India. Strong Hindu nationalism is the major cause of Two Nation Theory, an ideology that is accredited as being the basis for Pakistan’s creation. In 1940 the Pakistan Resolution was passed in Lahore demanding greater Muslim autonomy in British India.
After World War II, it was expected that the British colonies would soon fragment. The Pakistan Movement which I headed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, resulted in creating a Muslim state. The Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 & 11 Geo 6 c. 30) passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom divided British India into the two new independent dominions; the Dominion of India (later to become the Republic of India) and the Dominion of Pakistan (later to become the Islamic Republic of Pakistan). The act provided a mechanism for division of the Bengal and Punjab provinces between the two nations (see partition of India), establishment of the office of the Governor-General, conferral of complete legislative authority upon the respective Constituent Assemblies, and division of joint property between the two new countries. On 14 August 1947, the new Dominion of Pakistan became independent and Muhammad Ali Jinnah was sworn in as its first governor general in Karachi. Independence was marked with widespread celebration, but the atmosphere remained heated as communal riots marked the independence of Pakistan in 1947. The act later received royal assent on 18 July 1947.
The date of independence Of Both countries
Since the transfer of power took place on the midnight of 14 and 15 August, the Indian Independence Act 1947 recognized 15 August as the birthday of Pakistan, and the independence of India. The act states;
"As from the fifteenth day of August, nineteen hundred and forty-seven, two independent Dominions shall be set up in India, to be known respectively as India and Pakistan."
Jinnah in his first broadcast to the nation stated;
"August 15 is the birthday of the independent and sovereign state of Pakistan. It marks the fulfilment of the destiny of the Muslim nation which made great sacrifices in the past few years to have its homeland."
The first commemorative postage stamps of the country, released in July 1948, also gave 15 August 1947 as the Independence Day, however in subsequent years 14 August was adopted as the Independence Day. This is because Mountbatten administered the independence oath to Jinnah on the 14th, before leaving for India where the oath was scheduled on the midnight of the 15th. The night of 14–15 August 1947 coincided with 27 Ramadan 1366 of the Islamic calendars, which Muslims regard as a sacred night. So, Pakistan gained independence from the British rule on August 14, 1947.