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Heat Stroke: Symptoms And Prevention

Heat stroke is a heat injury that is extremely dangerous and is considered as a medical emergency. Heat stroke is also known as heat stroke and this could occur including heat syncope (fainting), heat exhaustion, and heat cramps. This is considered as the deadliest injury as it could affect anyone even those who do not have any previous signs of heat injuries. Heat stroke can also damage your brain and other internal body organs.


Heat stroke can occur to any individual and the major reason behind it is the prolonged exposure to high temperatures along with dehydration that eventually leads to failure of body’s temperature control system. Usually, the heat stroke occurs when the body temperature rises up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit along with complications in the central nervous system that eventually occurs when the body gets exposed to high temperatures. There are also other common symptoms of heat strokes including confusion, nausea, seizures, disorientation. Sometimes this deadly injury can also lead an individual to loss of consciousness or coma.

Signs of Heat Stroke:

There are several symptoms of heat stroke and it occurs when the body temperature rises above 104 degrees Fahrenheit. Other than these fainting could the first sign of heat stroke.

Following are the heat stroke symptoms:

  • A throbbing headache
  • Dizziness and light-headedness
  • Lack of sweating despite the heat
  • Red, hot, and dry skin
  • Muscle weakness or cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Rapid heartbeat, which may be either strong or weak
  • Rapid, shallow breathing
  • Behavioral changes such as confusion, disorientation, or staggering
  • Seizures
  • Unconsciousness

Preventing Heat Stroke:

In order to prevent heat stroke try to avoid heat as much as possible and stay in an air-conditioned environment. There are certain reasons due to which it is necessary to go out at high temperatures and at that time you can take following steps on how to prevent heat stroke:

1. When the temperature is high always wear lightweight, loose-fitted clothing and a wide-brimmed hat.

2. While going outside always apply a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or more.

3. Keep yourself hydrated and drink extra fluid. Generally, doctors recommend at least eight glasses of water during a day it could be a fruit juice, or a vegetable juice also. This is done because heat-related illness can also occur due to salt depletion, therefore, it is also advisable to drink an electrolyte-rich sports drink during periods of extreme heat and humidity.

4. If you are a person who exercises or workout outdoors then there is better for you to drink at least 4 ounces of fluid before going for exercise and also add additional 8 of sports drink ounces of water right just before exercise. It is advisable to drink 8 ounces of water in between exercise even if you don’t feel thirsty.

5. If it is not that much important then avoid or cancel outdoor activity and go for times in which it is cooler such as early morning or after sunset.