How Climate Change Is Effecting Water Shortage
Water, energy, and agriculture are the most important aspect of an ecosystem and therefore shares a relationship that is quite significant. The climatic change is becoming more evident day by day and its effects cannot be ignored. Since 1992 every single year we have been observed with more and more hotter temperate than the previous years that makes the record.
Impact Of Climate Change On Water Resources:
Climatic change can create a huge impact on the ecosystem as when the earth’s temperature continues to rise we can, unfortunately, see a significant impact on the freshwater supplies and would eventually create a devastating effect on these resources. Along with this if the temperature of a particular region rises, the evaporation level also escalates that might result in droughts.
The climate change can also bring a dangerous situation as it continues to meet the glacial ice at an unprecedented rate. Glaciers are the major source of clean and fresh water globally but now we can actually see them diminishing day by day. Glaciers are something natural and can’t be made by manpower or any efforts, once it will get diminish it can never be restored. There are many areas all around the world that are dependant on glaciers for fresh water otherwise they would have to find other sources for fresh water. The freshwater all around the world comes from mountain runoff, snowmelt, and glaciers that are being melted day by day.
According to several types of research it has been predicted that in the warmer environment more precipitation will occur as there will be more rain rather than the snow. This might seem a positive point but in fact is quite an alarming situation as it could eventually create more water shortage. In some particular areas, people entirely depend on snowmelt as their primary freshwater source, can eventually experience water shortage. The relationship between water and climates does not end here there are many other interrelations both have. The procedure for transferring water supplies requires a lot of energy that is being mainly produced by fossil fuel, burning coal, and natural gas therefore while using the water we indirectly contribute to climate change. The water present in plastic bottles is a real contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. The reason behind this is it requires fuel in order to make plastic bottles that are being shipped all around the world.
Water Scarcity Facts:
There are several variables that are being responsible for water scarcity following are some of the reasons:
- When an ecosystem is short of clean water it can eventually contribute to water shortage issues and subsequent problems.
- Lack of clean water access.
- Millions of people and families don’t have the access to clean water, therefore, they are already stuck in a cycle of diseases and poverty.
- Day by day people are dying from unsafe water.
- Even in several developed countries, 80% of illness is due to poor water and sanitation conditions.
- Women have to walk a long way just to get water for their children and family.
- The average distance that women cover to get the water is 3.7 miles in the region of Asia and Africa. It is, therefore, making them sick because they have to walk 19,500 steps every day.
Water Crisis In Africa:
A country that majorly suffers from water scarcity in Africa. It’s a place where clean water is hard to find and is considered one of the greatest causes of poverty in Africa. For the people of Africa, poverty is a fact of life they are being deprived of clean drinking water. Women and children are being affected every single day, for them this crisis is real. Members of the community are being forced to travel long distances to bring clean water. They use a water container called as jerry that weighs nearly 40 pounds when its full. We cannot imagine the pain and efforts made by a 5-year-old child in Africa to just carry water on their back that weighs nearly 70 pounds. Along with this finding clean drinking water also costs time as half of their day is spent on bringing the clean water to drink.